Tips & Lore

We've designed our tips & lore pages to help you care for and learn about your new Davis Farms plants. Each plant requires different amounts of sunlight and water, and may have special care requirements, so be sure to check our care tips for each plant - we hope they become as meaningful to you as they are to us.

 Araucaria heterophylla

Ilex cornuta ‘Burfordii 

Norfolk Island Pine 

Light: Araucaria needs bright light preferably eastern or western
exposure and will retain best foliage color with one to two hours
of sunlight per day.

Watering: When soil feels slightly dry to touch, water your Norfolk
thoroughly being sure that the water goes in the saucer.
After 15 minutes discard all excess water that the tree has not taken
back up.

Temperature: The Norfolk Island Pine grows best in temperatures
between 60 and 72 degrees F during the day and 50 to 65
degrees F at night.

Humidity: A relative humidity above 50% is preferred to successfully
grow Norfolk pines indoors. Provide additional humidity by misting
twice daily. An excellent method of providing extra moisture is to
stand plants in shallow trays filled with moistened pebbles,
and/or use a humidifier.

Feeding: Feed Araucaria only during the growing season
(March through September) with a dilute, standard, liquid
fertilizer once every two weeks.

Transplanting: When roots begin to grow out of the bottom
of the pot, transplant into the next largest size pot
(always use the deepest pot with this tree). Use a soil mixture
of equal parts sterilized houseplant potting soil, peat moss and
sand/or perlite, with a tablespoon of bone meal.

Propagation: Only a tip cutting from the very top of old plants
will develop into a completely symmetrical specimen so the
easiest method to grow Araucaria is from seed.

Maintenance: To keep its growth most symmetrical, turn it slightly
every week. Supply extra humidity to avoid the common problems,
 needles turning brown and brittle.

Special Note: Give the Norfolk Island pine as much natural light
as possible in the winter months to assure good symmetrical
Plant information provided by New York Botanical Gardens


 The Holly is meant to be an outside plant. It will not survive
very a long period of time indoors. If the leaves start to drop,
this usually means it needs to be put outside.

The Holly makes a great shrub or hedge or tree. It withstands
temperature to 0°. You can trim and shape as desired.
The female plant is the only Holly that will produce berries.
There is no way to tell if the plant is male or female till it
starts to flower. If it berries it is a female. Typically there
are enough male Hollies in the wild to propagate the
female plant. Usually the female will berry in about 1 year.
Planting outside – You can treat the Holly like any other
shrub in your landscape. Use a common fertilize from
your local garden center. Grows to about 3-4 feet in overall height.

Ilex cornuta ‘Burfordii’. Burford Holly. It is a bushy but upright
type, growing about four feet high. The dark glossy-green
leaves do not have the typical shape or spiny margins
of Christmas holly, but this broad-leaved evergreen
shrub is a welcome addition to any garden. In full sun,
the foliage may become yellow and chlorotic and
marginal leaf burn usually occurs. A north or east
exposure is required for best performance.
Female plants are necessary for berries, but pollination is not required.